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Thread: BASIC LIST / SUGGESTED ITEMS FOR LONG TERM SURVIVAL

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  1. #3361
    Senior Member AirborneSapper7's Avatar
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    All Bleeding Eventually Stops

    May 20, 2013 by Thomas Miller

    PHOTOS.COM

    The universal truth when dealing with traumatic injuries is that whether from effective treatment or loss of supply, all bleeding eventually stops. Having the knowledge to treat major bleeding can be the difference between life and death at any time, but especially during a disaster when emergency responders may be delayed or not available at all.

    The two major components of stopping blood loss are knowledge and equipment. While the principles outlined here are not new by any means, it is important to point out that over the past 10 years of active combat overseas, the technological advances made in the practices and equipment used to stop bleeding have been remarkable. None of the information provided below is a substitute for formal training. It is encouraged to seek professional training and only operate within the scope of your expertise.

    Types Of Bleeding And Classes Of Hemorrhage

    There are three types of bleeding (hemorrhage): arterial, venous and capillary. Arterial bleeding is caused when there is damage to an artery that is carrying blood directly from the heart. It can be summed up as bright red bleeding that spurts with every heartbeat. Venous bleeding is from a damaged blood vessel that is carrying blood back to the heart and is usually a darker red with a steady flow. Capillary bleeding comes from the smallest vessels in the body and is characterized as oozing.

    The severity of hemorrhage is divided into classes to define the amount of blood loss and serve as a guide in treating shock caused by the loss.

    • Class I Hemorrhage: less than 750 mL (<15 percent)
    • Class II Hemorrhage: 750-1500 mL (15-30 percent)
    • Class III Hemorrhage: 1500-2000 mL (30-40 percent)
    • Class IV Hemorrhage: greater than 2000 mL (>40 percent)



    When conducting medical training, a good way to obtain a grasp on the severity of bleeding and the classes of hemorrhage is to mix water, red food coloring and cornstarch to make fake blood. This mix can then be measured into the desired amount (i.e., 500 mL to represent Class I Hemorrhage) and poured onto various surfaces to gain an idea of what it looks like when a casualty is injured and is bleeding onto the pavement, dirt, floor, etc.

    Hemorrhage Control Methodology

    Tourniquet: A tourniquet is composed of three basic components; the strap portion, windlass (crank) and a retention system. The critical aspects of treatment with a tourniquet include appropriate size, proper placement and effective pressure. A commercially manufactured tourniquet will meet appropriate size requirements. Improvised tourniquet standards are outlined below. Proper placement of a tourniquet mandates that the tourniquet be on the injured limb, above the wound at least 2 inches and preferably over a long bone (the thigh or the arm above the elbow). Effective pressure will be achieved when the windlass has been turned until the bleeding stops. If the situation allows, dress the wound with bandages after the tourniquet is in place.

    It is recommended that once a tourniquet is in place that it not be removed. It is also possible that if one tourniquet is not effective, another one can be placed above the first. The goal should be to do what it takes to stop the bleeding and minimize blood loss.

    Note that a tourniquet should be used only in the event that there is bright red bleeding. This is bleeding that is continuous and from an artery, usually indicated by a spurting action from the wound.

    If the bleeding can be controlled by any other available means, a tourniquet should not be used.

    Wound packing: Packing a wound can be done with many different materials, but the principle remains the same: Place a dressing into the wound to completely fill the wound cavity and initiate clotting of the blood. After a wound has been packed, a bandage should be placed over the wound packing to help apply pressure and hold the packing in place.

    Direct pressure: There are many dressings that are specifically made to work as a pressure dressing. The ideal scenario would be to employ one of these dressings, but a pile of napkins held firmly in place with pressure from your hand can be effective in stopping bleeding if no other resources are available.

    Combination: In the most severe circumstances, a combination of the methods outlined above should be used. An example would be an amputation, where a tourniquet must be used but additional wound packing or pressure dressings will be effective in assisting with controlling the hemorrhage.

    Equipment

    Common equipment items used to treat and control hemorrhage include:

    Tourniquet: There are a variety of commercially produced tourniquets, including:

    • SOF-T (Special Operations Forces-Tourniquet)*
    • CAT (Combat Application Tourniquet)*
    • Pneumatic Tourniquets
    • E-MAT Emergency Tourniquet
    • MET (Military Emergency Tourniquet)



    *Tourniquets of choice for the military.

    Effective tourniquets are not limited to the commercially produced variety, however. Improvised tourniquets have saved countless lives on the battlefield, during disasters and from injuries caused by accidents. Improvised tourniquets can be constructed from several materials and can be a cheap alternative to commercially manufactured products. Materials that can be used for improvised tourniquets include:

    Tourniquet strap (should be at least 1 inch wide): bandana, T-shirt, belt, bag strap, cravat (triangular bandage), etc.

    Windlass: sticks, wrench, stapler, ski pole, pipe, dimensional lumber, etc.

    Retention system: To retain the windlass after it has been tightened, there must be something to hold it. This can be as simple as a piece of rope or can be something like the plastic ring off of a Gatorade bottle. The key here is to remember that if the tourniquet is not kept tight, it is not effective.

    Trauma dressing: Trauma dressings have evolved greatly over the last decade. Many of them consist of a gauze pad that is attached to an elastic wrap of some variety. Some of the more popular bandages include:

    • Emergency Trauma Dressing (Israeli Bandage)
    • Bloodstopper Trauma Dressing
    • Dyna-Stopper
    • H-Bandage



    Gauze and elastic bandage:
    For wounds that may not be severe enough for a tourniquet or when hemostatic agents are not available, using gauze packed into the wound and then wrapped tightly with an elastic bandage can be extremely effective. The most popular combination is 4-inch Kerlix packed into the wound and wrapped with a 6-inch ACE wrap.

    Hemostatic agents: These agents are typically the product of choice to place into wounds before they are packed to increase the chances of clotting and stopping major bleeding. The list includes gauze, sponges, pads and pouches.

    • QuikClot*
    • Chitosan Dressing*
    • Celox*
    • ActCel



    *Products of choice for most law enforcement agencies and the military.

    It is important to note that tourniquets are not currently viewed as a last resort piece of equipment.

    Current practices make use of a tourniquet a first step in the treatment of severe extremity hemorrhage. They are also very applicable in civilian medicine. The victims of recent mass shootings as well as the Boston bombing victims have had their lives saved by the quick application of a tourniquet.

    Previous schools of thought determined that placement of a tourniquet would certainly lead to damage or death to the tissue in the area, but extensive research has shown that tourniquets can be in place up to eight hours in some circumstances without definitive damage occurring. Tactical Combat Casualty Care (TC3) guidelines that are used by the military, law enforcement and government agencies clearly state that if life-threatening bleeding is identified from an arm or leg, the immediate action to take is to place a tourniquet on the injured extremity to stop the bleeding.

    At the end of the day, there is no replacement for definitive trauma care at a medical treatment facility. We do not have the luxury of always choosing where injuries occur, though, and oftentimes it is the hunting, skiing, hiking, camping and other accidents that happen in remote locations that can have the highest risk for loss of life. Having the knowledge and equipment necessary to stop the bleeding can save a life.

    –Thomas Miller

    http://personalliberty.com/2013/05/2...ntually-stops/
    Amnesty for 11 million will increase debt by $6.3 trillion And that doesn't count costs of 22 million additional legal immigrants in just 10 years!
    A Nation of of 3rd World Broke A@@es "AmeriKa" cannot afford an Invasion of Broke A@@es from the 3rd World

  2. #3362
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    make your own non toxic toothpaste!

    Here is what you need: http://www.naturalcuresnotmedicine.c...oothpaste.html
    Amnesty for 11 million will increase debt by $6.3 trillion And that doesn't count costs of 22 million additional legal immigrants in just 10 years!
    A Nation of of 3rd World Broke A@@es "AmeriKa" cannot afford an Invasion of Broke A@@es from the 3rd World

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    Expert's 7 Tips on Intuitively Managing Your 'Threatscape'

    Detect and Deter Danger with ‘Sixth Sense’ Protection

    By Guest Column (Bio and Archives) Monday, May 20, 2013

    With fully 12 million violent crimes committed per year, the United States holds the dubious distinction of being the most dangerous country in the developed world. An estimated 1 out of 5 Americans are victims of crime, which occur in our homes, communities, school campuses and a host of other public venues. Consequently, experts have for decades studied the behaviors that make one more or less likely to be victimized. And what I have discovered in my own work in the security field is that those who follow some key safety principles, including the 7 strategies listed below, are less likely to be targeted by criminals.

    The foundation of personal safety lies in developing a “sixth sense,” the ability to instinctually perceive possible threats or danger. Many of us already naturally sense when something feels “off,” but we often dismiss these feelings and even mock them. It’s been said that humans are the only animals who sense danger and walk right into it, such as politely entering an elevator with a person who triggered your fear instinct for some reason. There is actually solid scientific evidence that this sixth sense can save your life. An emerging branch of research called “instinct science” is studying the connection between subtle feelings and impending danger. Even the U.S. Navy includes the word “sixth sense” in their combat training briefs, citing that some soldiers use it to feel danger before an enemy attack.

    But, while everyone has a sixth sense, it’s like an underdeveloped muscle that needs to be exercised from time to time in order to maximize its ability to keep you safe. One of the best ways to cultivate this sixth sense ability is to become safety and security minded in a more concerted, proactive way. This includes a constant analysis of your “threatscape”—the sum of every potential threat in your various environments. This means assessing anything and everything in your day to day experiences that could pose a threat. Is the line of bushes at the back of the parking lot a potential hiding place for criminals? Is the overly-kind gentleman offering to carry your groceries overly persistent and too close within your personal space? Perceiving your threatscape involves relying on your instincts for protection. Much like Spiderman’s famed “spidey sense,” it is an innate perception of prospective danger that is a very real and effective way to keep yourself safe in any circumstance.

    Following these tips will help you become more security-conscious and manifest your sixth sense so you can start seeing your threatscape intuitively, without giving it a second thought:

    • Utilize mobile safety technology: Program an in-case-of-emergency (ICE) number into your phone and consider using a tracking app with your closest friend or loved one. Most phone models today allow for quick access to your ICE number that you can dial right away. A number of apps, such as Real Time GPS Tracker and GPS Tracking Pro allow your loved ones to always know where you are. Of course, you can enable and disable the tracking capability based on your preferences, but it’s handy in certain situations like when you are traveling about with a new friend no one else knows. Go one step further and take a photograph of the license plate with your smart phone and text it to a friend, family member, or even yourself so there’s a traceable record.


    • Make basic home security improvements: Purchasing even a few basic, inexpensive security devices for your home or apartment can go a long way. A door stop (under $6) will prevent your door from being opened from the outside, and window and screen-door locks (under $1 each) will stop your panels from being jimmied or disassembled. If you are renting and/or don’t wish to invest in a house alarm, consider buying a personal, portable alarm for under $25 that will go off when you press it, potentially frightening an intruder. More expensive models with motions sensors are also available.
    • Project confidence and social connections when interacting with strangers: Criminals primarily prey on people that are meek, have limited social connections, and generally won’t make a fuss. By presenting yourself as someone who won’t be an easy target, you’ll ensure a criminal passes you over in search of an easier victim. Looking strangers directly in the eye, telling people that you have a lot of friends or family in the area, and even hanging photos with friends and family in the house are all things that will decrease your chances of being a victim.
    • Never tell strangers or acquaintances more than they need to know: Telling the neighbors you are on vacation, your classmates the time you come home after work every day, or letting someone you’ve been dating only a short while know where you live are all common precursors to being a victim of crime. It is shocking how many crimes are committed by people we know and trust with personal information. Your policy should always be trust but verify. Only tell people what they need to know. No more, no less.
    • Don’t assume things are as they seem: Criminals often rely on deception to catch you unaware. Posing as a deliveryman, contractor, or an unassuming person needing directions or help are all common techniques to get into your personal space. This deception is most likely to take place next to some kind of cover, which commonly includes bushes, trees or vegetation, a car (either the victim’s or the perpetrator’s) or a house or other unoccupied dwelling. If you are approached under any kind of pretext next to cover, your sixth sense should be activated immediately. Especially if you are in a dark area or if there aren’t many people around.
    • Don’t become distracted: Modern technology often distracts and puts us at risk. While it can be enjoyable to walk down the street or in a parking lot texting, or to jog in an empty area listening to your iPod on full volume, such behaviors undermine our ability to stay alert and greatly increase your risk. Only allow yourself to become distracted if you are sure the area is safe.
    • Be unpredictable: Criminals often “case“ or scope out their victims prior to striking. Routines such as leaving and returning home at the exact same time each day, jogging at the same time, or regularly leaving your back window open while you cook dinner are all potential vulnerabilities. Consider mixing things up so that your routines can’t be predicted and used against you.



    Can we teach people to make the transition from potential victim to a criminal’s worst nightmare? The answer is a resounding “yes.” We must. National security begins with you! Each of us play a role in making our community and country safer from threats and criminal activity. For the conceivable future, America will remain a country plagued by crime. Once put into practice, these 7 simple tips will greatly improve your personal safety and help hone your instincts. Soon, your sixth sense will automatically engage in the presence of danger, and identifying and responding to threats will become second nature to you.

    As founder, chairman and CEO of Total Protection Services International, Phrantceena Halres leads the nation’s only certified security services company focused exclusively on high threat/close proximity safety and security services for the protection of critical infrastructure assets in the corporate, government, nuclear, energy and personal protection sectors. Through her philanthropic, community, corporate, speaking and media efforts, Halres is a lauded security and safety advocate who tirelessly works to enlighten the public on the many ways security improves our lives. She may be reached online here.

    About the Expert

    As founder, chairman and CEO of Total Protection Services Global and its multiple divisions (www.total-protections.com), Phrantceena Halres leads the nation’s first woman-owned business—and the only certified security services company at large—focused exclusively on high threat/close proximity safety and security services for the protection of critical infrastructure assets in the corporate, nuclear, energy, and government and personal protection sectors. Halres has built an impressive reputation as a performance leader and has set the standard in her industry. As a chief figurehead in the security and safety space, she is an extraordinarily successful business professional who is passionate about raising public safety awareness and protecting the information assets of individuals, localized schools and organizations, whole communities and our nation at large, and is taking tactical action related thereto. Through her philanthropic, community, corporate, speaking and media efforts, Hales is a lauded security and safety advocate who tirelessly works to enlighten the public on the many ways security improves our lives.


    http://canadafreepress.com/index.php/article/55344
    Amnesty for 11 million will increase debt by $6.3 trillion And that doesn't count costs of 22 million additional legal immigrants in just 10 years!
    A Nation of of 3rd World Broke A@@es "AmeriKa" cannot afford an Invasion of Broke A@@es from the 3rd World

  4. #3364
    Senior Member AirborneSapper7's Avatar
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    Amnesty for 11 million will increase debt by $6.3 trillion And that doesn't count costs of 22 million additional legal immigrants in just 10 years!
    A Nation of of 3rd World Broke A@@es "AmeriKa" cannot afford an Invasion of Broke A@@es from the 3rd World

  5. #3365
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    Homestead Survival

    Rocking Chair / Cradle - What a great idea for that loving exhausted new parent.

    http://thehomesteadsurvival.com/rock.../#.UZpJFlfm9A4

    Amnesty for 11 million will increase debt by $6.3 trillion And that doesn't count costs of 22 million additional legal immigrants in just 10 years!
    A Nation of of 3rd World Broke A@@es "AmeriKa" cannot afford an Invasion of Broke A@@es from the 3rd World

  6. #3366
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    Amnesty for 11 million will increase debt by $6.3 trillion And that doesn't count costs of 22 million additional legal immigrants in just 10 years!
    A Nation of of 3rd World Broke A@@es "AmeriKa" cannot afford an Invasion of Broke A@@es from the 3rd World

  7. #3367
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    Homestead Survival

    10 Foods That Remove Parasites in Your Body – Pin Worms

    http://thehomesteadsurvival.com/10-f.../#.UZryrFfm9A4

    Amnesty for 11 million will increase debt by $6.3 trillion And that doesn't count costs of 22 million additional legal immigrants in just 10 years!
    A Nation of of 3rd World Broke A@@es "AmeriKa" cannot afford an Invasion of Broke A@@es from the 3rd World

  8. #3368
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    cooling your tent or van

    by FIGJAM » Thu May 20, 2010 9:50 am
    The basic idea for the bucket cooler is just a smaller version of Yellowdog's cooler made from a rubbermade garbage can.

    An evaporative cooler will reduce the tempature by 20 to 30 degrees.

    Keep in mind that there is more than one way to skin a cat. (WARNING! DO NOT SKIN A CAT, IT WONT HELP THIS PROJECT AND WILL IRRITATE YOUR PUSSY!!!)

    All the ideas that people came up with on this thread are a perfect example of radical self relience! (Bravo!!!)

    Get a 5 gallon bucket and lid.

    Have your trained mice naw some holes in the bucket, or use a hole saw, or 50 caliber sniper rifle. (Honey badgers wont work, they don't give a shit!)




    Find some cooler pad.

    I like duracool pads.

    http://www.simsupply.com/Items/426741

    If your area does'nt have them, find a national chain DIY hardwear store and see if they will order some for you.

    This may save you shipping cost. I use home depot.

    Cut the first pad 33 1/2x13 inches.

    Roll this pad into a tube and silicone or hand stitch the seam.

    This will give you a tube 13 inches tall.



    Because the bucket tapers out towards the top, you will not need to line the bucket with shade clothe.





    Cut a second piece of pad 24x13 inches and roll into a tight tube.

    You wont need to seam this one.



    Sleeve this inside the first tube.

    The reason for the double pad is to have a wide space to set the drip line on and adds more evap surface.



    1/2 inch Drip irrigation line works ok to soak your pads, but poly hose is more flexible and you can buy it by the foot.

    I like the T connectors that fit inside the line. I cut the ends of the T shorter so I could keep the holes in the line close enough together so there wont be a dry strip on the pads.

    This hose is 3/8 inch.





    The holes in the line need to be uniform for an even flow on the pad.

    Drlling holes works, but I found that heating a piece of wire melts a nice, more uniform hole.

    I used a piece of 10 gauge copper wire.

    Heat the wire with a torch, or the burner on your stove, then press through the line.

    Sliding the wire in and out till it cools will make a happy hole! (Don't even think about it Yggy, this is serious!)







    To pump the water through the line, buy a pump.

    This is the solar pump.

    http://www.harborfreight.com/solar-p...ump-66093.html

    I like this pump instead because if it's cloudy, it will still let the cooler work.



    http://www.siliconsolar.com/replacem...ump-p-103.html

    The 3/8 inch line fits this pump perfectly.

    Nice even flow of water.







    When the lid is put on, the line will be pinched between the lid and the pad, so it wont move around.

    FANS!

    The key to good cooler is a powerful fan.

    CFM=cubic feet per minute.

    http://www.frozencpu.com/cat/l2/g36/...ns_by_CFM.html

    I used this one.

    http://www.frozencpu.com/products/12...l=g36c435s1108

    It uses more power, but makes the bucket cooler very effective.

    Calculate the cubic footage of the space to be cooled, then get a fan that will replace the air inside the space every 3 to 5 minutes.

    I use a single fan cause it suits my design perfectly.

    Cut a hole in the lid of the bucket to mount the fan.

    I put mine on the bottom of the lid to keep the unit compact and to make ducting easier.



    Any 120mm fan will fit inside the top of the pad tube.

    I spliced the wires from the fan to the wires from the pump. (both are 12volt)

    Then ran the wire out through one of the holes in the side of the bucket.

    Now with the lid on the bucket, I used a 4 inch septic line connector gooped to the lid over the fan.







    Now you can use 4 inch septic line to duct the air into the space to be cooled. You don't need to glue these piceces together.



    These parts are at the hardwear store.

    Outside temp!



    Air temp coming from the cooler!



    Water temp inside the bucket!



    This cooler uses 2 gallon of water every 5 hours.

    It uses about 1.45amps per hour.

    My 105AH deep cycle battery will run this cooler for 47 hours before needing to be recharged.

    So running 4 or 5 hours a day, it will let you nap in the hottest part of the day, all week without recharging the battery.

    If you need more cooling than this, build the box cooler.

    You will need to vent the air out of the space for circulation.

    HAPPY NAPPING!!

    Last edited by FIGJAM on Sun Jul 31, 2011 2:11 pm, edited 8 times in total.
    Don't buy your burn....build your burn!

    **** Im Good Just Ask Me


    http://eplaya.burningman.com/viewtopic.php?t=33842
    Amnesty for 11 million will increase debt by $6.3 trillion And that doesn't count costs of 22 million additional legal immigrants in just 10 years!
    A Nation of of 3rd World Broke A@@es "AmeriKa" cannot afford an Invasion of Broke A@@es from the 3rd World

  9. #3369
    Senior Member AirborneSapper7's Avatar
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    Amnesty for 11 million will increase debt by $6.3 trillion And that doesn't count costs of 22 million additional legal immigrants in just 10 years!
    A Nation of of 3rd World Broke A@@es "AmeriKa" cannot afford an Invasion of Broke A@@es from the 3rd World

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    Old School Rifle Boresighting

    Thursday, May 23, 2013 8:38
    (Before It's News)

    I like gadgets and things that make life easier, BUT – I think it is vital that we don’t loose the ability to perform essential tasks without the aid of specialized equipment.

    Today we will describe the “old school” method of bore sighting that allows you to sight in your rifle without the aid of laser bore-sighter, collimator, or other equipment.

    This is a very simple procedure to do on any bolt action rifle that has a removable bolt.

    Simply mount your scope and center the cross-hairs. Ensure that it is level and balanced on the rifle.

    Securely mount your rifle on a bench – you can use a vice, but in the video I simply used the rifle’s bipod and some sandbags. It is essential that the rifle not move as you perform the sighting in procedure.

    Remove the barrel and look through it, centering the bore of the gun on a target set at the range you want to sight the rifle to.

    If the rifle is securely held, and the bore centered on your target, all you need to do is to move up to your sight, and center your scope crosshairs on the center of the target.

    This should get your first shot on paper, and if care is taken, it should be pretty close.

    Hope this is helpful.



    http://www.youtube.com/watch?feature...&v=e4m8mn8o9Hs

    Source: http://www.tngun.com/old-school-rifle-boresighting/

    http://beforeitsnews.com/survival/20...g-2474414.html
    Amnesty for 11 million will increase debt by $6.3 trillion And that doesn't count costs of 22 million additional legal immigrants in just 10 years!
    A Nation of of 3rd World Broke A@@es "AmeriKa" cannot afford an Invasion of Broke A@@es from the 3rd World

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