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  1. #1
    Senior Member JohnDoe2's Avatar
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    Leprosy cases spike in Florida

    Leprosy cases spike in Florida

    Armadillos cause spike in leprosy cases in Florida


    By Jareen Imam, CNN
    Updated 4:52 PM ET, Tue July 21, 2015


    Experts believe these small mammals are causing a spike in leprosy cases in Florida.

    Story highlights

    • There has been an increase in leprosy cases in Florida
    • Experts believe the cause is humans getting into contact with armadillos
    • This year, nine cases have been reported; the latest was diagnosed three weeks ago


    (CNN)There are an unusually high number of leprosy cases cropping up in Florida.

    Experts said they believe the spike is because of people coming into contact with armadillos.

    Florida typically sees two to 12 cases of leprosy a year, but so far there have been nine cases in 2015, according to the Florida Department of Health.


    The latest case was diagnosed in Flagler County three weeks ago.


    Some armadillos, placental mammals with leathery armor, are naturally infected with leprosy, also known as Hansen's disease, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

    Armadillos are one of the only known animals to carry leprosy, an age-old disease that causes skin and nerve damage.


    The CDC says it is possible to contract leprosy through contact with armadillos, but it is usually unlikely.


    Leprosy is a rare disease, and there are on average 50 to 100 cases in the United States every year, according to Dr. Sunil Joshi, president-elect of the Duval County Medical Society in Florida.


    Joshi said leprosy, much like tuberculosis, is spread through coughing and sneezing, but 95% of the human population is immune to the disease.


    Also, the disease can lie dormant for months or years before the first signs of infection appear, Joshi said. Typically the first signs are skin lesions, and symptoms can progress to neurological problems such as psychosis and seizures.


    Although the increase in leprosy cases is unusual, Joshi said it can also be attributed to Florida's growing home development.


    "There is a clear reason why this is happening in Florida," Joshi said.

    "New homes are being developed, and we are tearing down armadillos' homes in the process. Now these creatures are coming out in the daytime, and the people who are getting exposed are those working outside."


    The prognosis for people who contract leprosy is usually good if the disease is treated promptly, Joshi said. Left untreated, the leprosy can become life threatening.


    Experts are urging Floridians to use caution and not touch the small, cat-sized creatures. Armadillos are common in Florida and found across most of the state, according to the Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission.


    Naturally nocturnal, armadillos are now in their breeding season in Florida, and it's not uncommon to see them in the daylight with their babies.


    In 2010, there were more than 220,000 cases of leprosy detected worldwide, according to the World Health Organization.

    But Joshi said the disease is typically found in parts of Africa and Southeast Asia, where population density is higher, and the spread of infection is due to human-to-human contact.

    http://www.cnn.com/2015/07/21/health...rpt/index.html

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    Administrator ALIPAC's Avatar
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    Yea and Im sure that the fact Florida is crawling with illegal aliens from Africa, Asia, and Central America that broke into the US without medical background checks has nothing to do with it right?

    Just like illegal aliens have nothing to do with tall of the Tuberculosis outbreaks in the schools now that Obama is busing so many into the states from the border areas.

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    NURSE: ILLEGALS' BAGGAGE INCLUDES TB, LEPROSY, POLIO

    http://www.alipac.us/f12/nurse-illeg...-polio-306830/

    Join our efforts to Secure America's Borders and End Illegal Immigration by Joining ALIPAC's E-Mail Alerts network (CLICK HERE)

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    Senior Member JohnDoe2's Avatar
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    NO AMNESTY

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    Senior Member JohnDoe2's Avatar
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    NO AMNESTY

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    Infectious diseases on


    Eating armadillos blamed for leprosy in the South

    Disease likely spreads when people handle, eat the animals, which carry bacteria for disfiguring disease


    Tom Brakefield / Getty Images file
    Nine-banded long-nosed armadillos harbor the bacteria that causes leprosy.

    By ALICIA CHANG
    updated 4/27/2011 5:25:42 PM ET

    LOS ANGELES — With some genetic sleuthing, scientists have fingered a likely culprit in the spread of leprosy in the southern United States: the nine-banded armadillo.

    DNA tests show a match in the leprosy strain between some patients and these prehistoric-looking critters — a connection scientists had suspected but until now couldn't pin down.


    "Now we have the link," said James Krahenbuhl, who heads a government leprosy program that led the new study.


    Only about 150 leprosy cases occur each year in the U.S., mostly among travelers to places like India, Brazil and Angola where it's more common.

    The risk of getting leprosy from an armadillo is low because most people who get exposed don't get sick with the ancient scourge, known medically as Hansen's disease and now easily treatable.


    Armadillos are one of the very few mammals that harbor the bacteria that cause the sometimes disfiguring disease, which first shows up as an unusual lumpy skin lesion.


    Researchers at the National Hansen's Disease Programs in Baton Rouge, Louisiana, led an international team of scientists who published their findings in Thursday's New England Journal of Medicine. They think it requires frequent handling of armadillos or eating their meat for leprosy to spread.


    DNA samples were taken from 33 wild armadillos in Arkansas, Alabama, Louisiana, Mississippi and Texas, where they're sometimes referred to as "hillbilly speed bumps" because they're often run over by cars.


    Scientists also took skin biopsies from 50 leprosy patients being treated at a Baton Rouge clinic. Three-quarters had never had foreign exposure, but lived in Southern states where they could have been exposed to armadillos.


    An analysis found that samples from the patients and armadillos were genetically similar to each other and were different from leprosy strains found elsewhere in the world.

    The unique strain was found in 28 armadillos and 25 patients.


    Of the 15 patients for whom researchers had information, seven said they had no contact with armadillos; eight said they did, including one who routinely hunted and ate them.


    While the work did not document direct transmission from animal to human, "the evidence is pretty convincing that it happens," said Dr. Brian Currie, an infectious disease expert at Montefiore Medical Center in New York, who had no role in the study.

    Leprosy remains a problem in tropical hot spots of the world with some 250,000 new infections reported each year. Like tuberculosis, it can stay dormant for years before attacking the skin and nerves.

    While leprosy is infectious, it's hard to catch. Those most at risk are family members who are in constant contact with an untreated person. Leprosy can't be spread through casual contact such as handshaking, or sexual intercourse.


    The disease has long been misunderstood and those who contracted it were often shunned. Fear of its spread led some countries to quarantine people. False stories about fingers and toes falling off added to the stigma.


    Leprosy is curable with fast treatment
    The disease is curable with prompt treatment of antibiotics before complications set in. The drugs typically kill the bacteria within days and make it non-contagious. It usually takes a year or two to fully clear the germ from the body.


    If left untreated, leprosy can cause nerve damage so severe that people lose feeling in their fingers and toes, leading to deformity and disability.


    While the germ attacks the skin, hands and feet of humans, it tends to infect the liver, spleen and lymph node of armadillos.


    "Leave the animals alone," advised lead researcher Richard Truman of the National Hansen's Disease Programs.


    "I would not cuddle armadillos," said Dr. Warwick Britton of the University of Sydney in Australia, who had no connection with the study.


    For Ymelda Beauchamp, how she got infected decades ago remains a mystery.


    When she was 15, she noticed lumps on her skin and felt numbness in her hands and feet. Her left hand began clawing inward.


    After high school graduation, she decided to seek treatment at a former sugar plantation in Carville, Louisiana, that was turned into a clinic for leprosy patients. There were times when the pain was so excruciating she said she did not want to wake up.


    Today, the 59-year-old Beauchamp is disease-free and works as an advocate with the American Leprosy Missions, a Christian group that helped fund the study along with other leprosy support groups and the National Institutes of Health.


    She still does not have feeling in her hands and feet, and has to be careful not to burn or cut herself when cooking.


    "It's not difficult, but it isn't easy either," she said. "You get quite used to it."

    http://www.nbcnews.com/id/42788111/n...leprosy-south/

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