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  1. #1
    Senior Member zeezil's Avatar
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    May 2007

    Report Credits Drop in Illegal Immigrants to Enforcement

    Report Credits Drop in Illegal Immigrants to Enforcement
    Study Was Based on Census Data That Indicate Number of Less-Educated Hispanics Has Declined

    By N.C. Aizenman
    Washington Post Staff Writer
    Thursday, July 31, 2008; A16

    A report released yesterday by a Washington think tank that advocates stricter limits on immigration says the number of illegal immigrants in the country appears to have declined significantly over the past year, at least partly because of the chilling effect of stepped-up enforcement.

    The study by the Center for Immigration Studies based its findings on census data that indicate that the number of less-educated, working-age Hispanic immigrants, defined as 18-to-40-year-olds with a high school diploma or less, has dropped by more than 10 percent, or about 830,000 people, since last August.

    Previous research suggests that a large share of less-educated foreigners is in the country illegally and that it makes up the bulk of the illegal immigrant population. Furthermore, although earlier declines in the number of these Hispanic immigrants have been linked to a rise in their unemployment rate, the current drop-off began last year almost immediately after Congress abandoned legislation to legalize undocumented immigrants and six months before any significant rise in their unemployment rate had occurred.

    During the same period, the number of foreigners who were more educated or non-Hispanic, and therefore far less likely to be illegal immigrants, continued to rise or hold steady.

    "The evidence is consistent with the idea that at least initially, more robust enforcement caused the number of illegal immigrants to decline significantly," said Steven A. Camarota, one of the study's authors. "Some people seem to think illegals are so permanently anchored in the United States that there is no possibility of them leaving. . . . This suggests they're not correct. Some significant share might respond to changing incentives and leave."

    Several demographers who specialize in estimating the illegal immigrant population expressed concern about the limits of the study's methodology but said they found the possibility that the illegal immigrant population is decreasing plausible. Determining the actual amount of that decline, however, is far more controversial.

    The census does not ask about immigration status. Instead, government and independent researchers use a variety of techniques to estimate the number of immigrants in the country illegally. One way is to subtract the number of visas, permanent residency permits and naturalizations granted each year from the total number of foreigners counted by the census. The difference between the number of foreigners that can be accounted for through such records and the total number tallied by the census is considered to be the size of the illegal immigrant population.

    Camarota and co-author Karen Jensenius took a different approach, calculating the previous ratio between the number of less-educated Hispanic immigrants counted by the census and the total illegal immigrant population estimated by government researchers, and then applying that ratio to the new, lower number of less-educated, working-age Hispanic immigrants to come up with a new estimate for the total illegal immigrant population. According to their calculations, from August of last year to May, the illegal immigrant population declined by about 11 percent, from a high of 12.49 million to about 11.17 million.

    One drawback of Camarota's and Jensenius's method, noted the Pew Hispanic Center's Jeffrey S. Passel, a widely regarded expert on estimating the illegal immigrant population, is that "it tracks something that correlates with the number of illegal immigrants rather than the actual number of illegal immigrants, and it assumes the correlation remains the same."

    "If the ratio [between the number of less-educated Hispanic adults and the total number of illegal immigrants] has changed, then the trend could be very different," Passel said.

    Even more contentious is the question of what, if anything, the study's findings indicate about the impact that recent national and local immigration policies might have had on the size of the illegal immigrant population. Since December, the unemployment rate of less-educated, working-age Hispanics has risen from 4.93 percent to 7.06 percent, making it that much more difficult to determine whether the continued decline in their population during this period was the result of anything beyond basic economics.

    But Camarota and Jensenius suggest that the six-month decline that occurred after the failure of the legalization legislation and before the rise of these workers' unemployment rate is one of several examples of a link between immigration policy and immigrant choices. They note, for instance, that starting in May of last year, when Congress's consideration of the legalization plan began receiving widespread media attention, the number of less-educated, working-age Hispanics began to rise.

    "I call it the amnesty hump," Camarota said. He noted that the population increase during this period might not have been statistically significant, but "it seems that what was happening was that fewer illegal immigrants left than might otherwise have done so because they were hoping to qualify for legalization."

    Also up for interpretation is the degree to which the drop in the number of less-educated Hispanic adults (and, by inference, illegal immigrants) was the result of fewer foreigners entering the country or more of them leaving. The U.S. Border Patrol reported a 20 percent decline in apprehensions along the southern border over fiscal 2007, a possible indication that fewer illegal immigrants attempted to enter the country.

    Camarota and Jensenius note that census data do not answer the question. But the authors suggest that if less-educated Hispanic adults were not leaving in greater numbers than before, their total population would merely grow more slowly, not decline steeply.

    Among those who are leaving, the vast majority are probably doing so on their own. Despite a surge in work site raids and other enforcement measures, as well as decisions by various state and local governments to train their police to identify illegal immigrants, only 285,000 immigrants were removed from the United States last year, and many of those were formerly legal immigrants who lost their status after committing a crime.

    Camarota and Jensenius said they take this as possible evidence that tougher enforcement can have a multiplier effect, scaring many more illegal immigrants into leaving of their own accord than authorities can pick up. And the authors suggest that if the trends they identify are sustained, "it would cut the illegal population in half within just five years."

    However, Randolph Capps, a researcher with the Urban Institute who has studied the number of U.S. children born to illegal immigrants, cautioned against such reasoning.

    Even if all the findings in the study by Camarota and Jensenius prove correct, he said, it is probable that the first million illegal immigrants to leave were those who had arrived more recently and had the weakest ties to the United States.

    The remainder, including the more than half of illegal immigrant adults who have children in the United States, Capps said, are less likely to leave unless they are removed by the government.

    "Having a kid in school provides a really strong incentive to stay," he said. In addition, "People who are more settled in the United States have more options. They can move to another [state or county] where enforcement is not as strict. If they lose a job, they can find another. If one member of the family is arrested and deported, they can find other relatives to stay with." ... eheadlines
    Join our efforts to Secure America's Borders and End Illegal Immigration by Joining ALIPAC's E-Mail Alerts network (CLICK HERE)

  2. #2
    Senior Member redbadger's Avatar
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    Aug 2006
    The United States Of Invasion
    good, I hope it drops to need for the comprensive!
    Never look at another flag. Remember, that behind Government, there is your country, and that you belong to her as you do belong to your own mother. Stand by her as you would stand by your own mother

  3. #3
    Senior Member zeezil's Avatar
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    May 2007

    Illegal immigration down 11%, report says

    Illegal immigration down 11%, report says

    Immigrant advocates, business groups say logic of study is flawed

    Cox News Service

    Published on: 07/30/08

    WASHINGTON — Illegal immigrants are going home.

    That is the conclusion of a study released Wednesday that found that stepped-up enforcement efforts are working, causing thousands of illegal immigrants to self-deport.

    The population has declined 11 percent since last summer — from 12.5 million to 11.2 million, according to the report by the Center for Immigration Studies, a Washington think tank that advocates lower levels of immigration.

    "The evidence is powerful and consistent that enforcement is having the desired effect," said Steven Camarota, the report's main author and director of research at the center.

    The study — based on calculations made with monthly data collected by the Census Bureau — also said that the nation's economic slowdown is partly responsible for the decline.

    It predicted that the illegal immigrant population could be cut in half within five years if the current trend continues.

    Rep. Lamar Smith, a Texas Republican and ranking member of the House Judiciary Committee, said that the report proves that enforcement works.

    "Opponents of immigration enforcement claim that there are only two ways to address illegal immigration: amnesty or mass deportation. But there is another and better option and that is to simply enforce current laws," he said in a statement.

    Immigrant advocates and business groups criticized the study.

    Angela Kelley, director of the Immigrant Policy Center, said the study lacks hard data and has "faulty logic."

    She criticized the authors for determining "likely" illegal immigrants by using a certain percentage of less educated, foreign-born Hispanic adults who are 18 to 40 years old.

    "The authors report confidently about a population that is nearly impossible to accurately measure," she said.

    The Agriculture Coalition for Immigration Reform, an industry group, said that the claim that immigrants are self-deporting is "dubious."

    In addition, the group said that enforcement-only policies are not the solution.

    "If enforcement could actually succeed at purging the American workforce of unauthorized immigrants, what would be the result? ... Much of our food production could not be sustained," the coalition said in a statement.

    Camarota said he was confident in the conclusion that illegal immigrants are leaving in larger numbers than ever before.

    He also said that the study shows that the number of illegal immigrants rises when immigration reform — including a path to citizenship — is debated on Capitol Hill.

    Sen. Jeff Sessions, R-Ala., joined Camarota at a Capitol Hill press conference to announce the report.

    He said an 11 percent decline in the illegal immigrant population is a "very significant number" and that the report should give encouragement to policy makers who are pushing for stronger immigration controls.

    The Department of Homeland Security has stepped up enforcement efforts in the past year, including a string of large raids at workplaces across the country.

    The raids have been praised by advocates of tougher enforcement but strongly criticized by Hispanic groups, immigrant advocates, and civil rights organizations.

    The department has also boosted security on the U.S.-Mexico border, including adding National Guard troops, more Border Patrol agents, more detention beds and more fencing.

    In addition, many cities and counties have enacted laws designed to crack down on illegal immigration, in hopes of driving them away.

    • Center for Immigration Studies: ... cline.html
    Join our efforts to Secure America's Borders and End Illegal Immigration by Joining ALIPAC's E-Mail Alerts network (CLICK HERE)

  4. #4
    daggul's Avatar
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    Jan 1970
    Could be a smoke screen.. they brainwash you with news of declining number of IA's hoping that protests against them may dwindle.. or make people believe that enforcement is now working and its time to deal with illegals already here by introducing another comprehensive reform.

    They did not self deport! they just moved to another State.


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