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    Senior Member jp_48504's Avatar
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    U.S. Department of Justice Bureau of Justice Statistics ILLE

    http://www.ojp.usdoj.gov/bjs/abstract/iofcjs00.htm

    U.S. Department of Justice Bureau of Justice Statistics

    Immigration Offenders in the Federal Criminal Justice System, 2000

    Describes the number of immigration offenders prosecuted in the Federal court between 1985 and 2000. The report examines the impact of the enactment of the Illegal Immigration Reform and Responsibility Act of 1986 on prosecutions. This act authorized increases in INS law enforcement activities and personnel and required longer sentences for immigration offenders with serious criminal histories. The report includes the number of persons evaluated for prosecution by the U.S. Attorneys, the nationality of persons investigated, characteristics and criminal histories of defendants, trends in prosecutions of immigration offenders, defendants adjudicated, and immigration offenders under correctional supervision. The data in the report are from the BJS Federal Justice Statistics Program.

    Highlights include the following:

    * The number of defendants prosecuted for an immigration offense rose from 6,605 in 1996 to 15,613 in 2000.
    * Average time to be served by immigration offenders entering Federal prison increased from about 4 months in 1986 to 21 months in 2000.
    * 57% of suspected immigration offenders were Mexican citizens; 7%, U.S. citizens; 3%, Chinese; and 28%, all other nationalities.

    08/02 NCJ 191745
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    IMMIGRATION LAW PROSECUTIONS DOUBLE DURING 1996-2000

    http://www.ojp.usdoj.gov/bjs/pub/press/iofc00pr.htm

    ADVANCE FOR RELEASE AT 4:30 P.M. EDT BJS
    TUESDAY, AUGUST 6, 2002 202/307-0784
    IMMIGRATION LAW PROSECUTIONS DOUBLE DURING 1996-2000

    WASHINGTON, D.C. – The number of people prosecuted for immigration offenses in federal courts more than doubled from 1996 through the year 2000, growing from 6,605 defendants in 1996 to 15,613 defendants in 2000, the Justice Department’s Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS) announced today.

    In 1996 a new law authorized increases in U.S. Immigration and Naturalization Service (INS) hiring, which resulted in the number of INS law enforcement officers growing from 12,403 to 17,654. Two-thirds of the increase were Border Patrol agents. Approximately 75 percent of the increase in referrals to U.S. attorneys for immigration offenses between 1996 and 2000 occurred in the five states (Texas, California, Arizona, New York and Florida) that received the greatest number of new INS officers.

    The number of immigration offenders serving federal prison sentences increased almost ninefold between 1985 and 2000– from 1,593 to 13,676 adult men and womenâ€
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    http://www.ojp.usdoj.gov/bjs/pub/ascii/iofcjs00.txt

    U.S. Department of Justice
    Office of Justice Programs
    Bureau of Justice Statistics
    Special Report

    Federal Justice Statistics Program

    Immigration Offenders in the Federal
    Criminal Justice System, 2000


    August 2002, NCJ 191745


    ---------------------------------------------------------------
    This file is text only without graphics and many of the tables.
    A Zip archive of the tables in this report in spreadsheet format
    (.wk1) and the full report including tables and graphics in
    .pdf format are available from:
    http://www.ojp.usdoj.gov/bjs/abstract/iofcjs00.htm
    ----------------------------------------------------------------

    John Scalia
    Marika F. X. Litras
    BJS Statisticians

    ---------------------------------------------
    Highlights

    * Between 1985 and 2000 the number of persons
    referred to U.S. attorneys for a suspected
    immigration offense as the most serious charge
    more than doubled from 7,239 to 16,495.

    * The number of immigration defendants
    prosecuted rose from 6,744 in 1985 to 15,613
    in 2000. This increase was due to the greater
    number prosecuted in U.S. district courts --
    2,355 in 1985 to 13,414 in 2000. During the
    same period the count of immigration defendants
    in cases that U.S. magistrates disposed of fell
    from 4,389 to 2,199.

    * 75% of immigration offenders were charged
    with unlawfully entering (25%) or reentering
    (50%) the United States; 20% were charged with
    alien smuggling; and 5% were charged with
    offenses relating to misuse of visas or other
    immigration offenses.

    * 57% of suspected immigration offenders were
    Mexican citizens; 7%, U.S. citizens; 3%, Chinese;
    and 28%, all other nationalities. Mexicans (87%)
    and Chinese (93%) were most often charged with
    unlawful entry or reentry; U.S. citizens (64%)
    were most often charged with alien smuggling.

    * The number of immigration offenders serving
    a Federal prison sentence increased from 1,593
    during 1985 to 13,676 during 2000. Average time
    to be served by immigration offenders entering
    Federal prison increased from about 4 months in
    1985 to 21 months in 2000.

    * 13% of immigration offenders released from
    Federal prison during 1995-97 were readmitted
    within 3 years of release: 77% for a new
    offense, 22% for a supervision violation, and
    1% for other reasons.
    ----------------------------------------------

    In fiscal year 2000, 16,495 persons were
    referred to U.S. attorneys for a suspected
    immigration offense as the most serious
    charge. This represents a record high in a
    rising trend following passage of the Illegal
    Immigration Reform and Immigrant Responsibility
    Act of 1996.

    In addition to immigration offenses, U.S.
    attorneys prosecuted an increased number of
    noncitizens charged with other offenses --
    particularly drug trafficking offenses. Between
    1985 and 2000 the number of noncitizens
    prosecuted by U.S. attorneys for drug trafficking
    offenses increased from 1,799 to 7,803.

    The 1996 act authorized increases in law
    enforcement by the U.S. Immigration and
    Naturalization Service (INS). Following
    enactment, the number of INS law enforcement
    officers increased from 12,403 to 17,654. The
    Border Patrol received almost two-thirds of
    the additional officers. About 75% of the
    increase in referrals to U.S. attorneys for
    immigration offenses between 1996 and 2000 was
    observed in the five States that received the
    greatest number of new INS officers.

    Seventy-five percent of the immigration suspects
    referred to U.S. attorneys during 2000 were
    investigated for unlawfully entering or
    reentering the United States. Twenty percent were
    investigated for smuggling aliens and 5% for
    misuse of visas or other immigration violations.

    The incarceration rate of convicted immigration
    offenders increased from 57% to 91% between
    1985 and 2000. Average time to be served in
    prison increased from 3.6 months to 20.6
    months over the same period. These increases
    were due in part to changes in Federal sentencing
    policy during the 1980's and 1990's, which
    increased the likelihood that immigration
    offenders would be sentenced to prison and
    that their sentences would be longer.

    Increased prosecutions and changes to sentencing
    policy have had a substantial effect on the
    size of the Federal prison population. Between
    1985 and 2000 the number of immigration offenders
    serving a sentence of imprisonment at yearend
    increased almost 9-fold--from 1,593 to 13,676.

    The increase in immigration offenders
    incarcerated accounted for 14% of the overall
    growth in the Federal prison population between
    1985 and 2000.

    Nationality of persons investigated

    Over half (57%) of suspects investigated by
    U.S. attorneys for immigration offenses during
    2000 were citizens of Mexico. Most (87%) of
    the Mexicans investigated were suspected of
    unlawfully entering or reentering the United
    States--63%, reentry by a removed alien;
    24%, improper entry; 11%, alien smuggling;
    and 3%, offenses related to misuse of visas
    and other immigration violations.

    Persons from countries in Asia and Oceania
    comprised the second largest group of
    noncitizens investigated for immigration
    offenses (4%). Most of the Chinese nationals
    investigated were suspected of unlawful entry
    into the United States (93%); 5%, alien
    smuggling; 2%, misuse of visas; and 1%,
    reentry. While more than half of suspects
    from other Asian countries were charged with
    unlawful entry or reentry, they were among
    those most likely to be charged with alien
    smuggling (29%).

    ---------------------------------------------
    Immigration violations as a secondary charge

    In fiscal year 2000, 16,495 matters were
    referred to U.S. attorneys for a suspected
    immigration offense as the primary charge.
    In an additional 919 matters persons were
    suspected of an immigration offense as one
    or a number of secondary charges only.

    Among these 919 matters,
    * 9% involved smuggling as a
    secondary offense
    * 27% entry
    * 45% reentry
    * 25% misuse of visas and other
    immigration offenses.

    In over half (56%) of the 919 matters, the
    secondary immigration offense was associated
    with a primary charge of fraud. Drug
    trafficking was the primary charge in 24%, and
    a weapons offense, the primary charge in about
    6% of matters.
    ------------------------------------------------

    U.S. citizens are not immune from prosecution
    for immigration offenses. During 2000, 7% (or
    1,110) of suspected immigration offenders
    were U.S. citizens. Of these, 64% were
    suspected of alien smuggling and 30% charged
    with otherwise furthering the entry or reentry
    of a noncitizen into the United States.

    Geographical distribution
    of immigration suspects

    During 2000, 63% of all the persons (or 10,331)
    suspected of immigration offenses were referred
    to U.S. attorneys in 5 Federal judicial
    districts: Texas, Western (18%), California,
    Southern (14%), Arizona (13%), Texas, Southern
    (11%), and New Mexico (6%). In each district the
    U.S. attorneys received more than 1,000 referrals.
    Among these five judicial districts, immigration
    offenses accounted for 39% of all referrals made
    to U.S. attorneys: Texas, Western (39% of all
    referrals); California, Southern (44%); Arizona
    (43%); Texas, Southern (31%); and New Mexico (38%)
    (not shown in a table).

    Suspects in matters concluded by U.S.
    attorneys

    During 2000 U.S. attorneys concluded 16,110
    matters involving a person suspected of an
    immigration offense as the most serious
    charge.

    Persons suspected of immigration offenses
    accounted for 14% of all matters concluded by
    U.S. attorneys in 2000 (Federal Criminal Case
    Processing, 2000, BJS report, NCJ 190379,
    table 3).

    About 75% of suspects in immigration matters
    concluded were investigated for unlawfully
    entering (25%) or reentering (50%) the United
    States. Additionally, 20% were investigated for
    smuggling, transporting, or harboring unlawful
    aliens, and 5% were suspected of misuse of
    visas and other offenses related to removal of
    aliens.

    Compared to prosecutorial declinations for
    other offenses, U.S. attorneys refused to
    prosecute few referrals for immigration
    offenses. During 2000, 3% of immigration
    offense referrals and 26% of all referrals
    were declined for Federal prosecution.
    (Federal Criminal Case Processing, 2000, BJS
    report, NCJ 190379, table 3). Immigration
    offenses involving unlawful entry or reentry
    were the most likely to be prosecuted (98%),
    while those involving misuse of visas and
    other violations (90%) were the least likely .

    Available data describing alien smuggling
    offenses indicate that in the 2,043 cases
    investigated by the INS Inspections Division
    during 1999 a total of 41,364 smuggled aliens
    were located and arrested (INS, 1999
    Statistical Yearbook, table 59). For those
    defendants who were convicted of alien
    smuggling and sentenced during 1999, 70%
    smuggled 6 or more aliens into the United
    States.

    About 20% of defendants convicted of alien
    smuggling and sentenced during 1999 received
    an enhanced sentence for risking (18%) or
    actually causing bodily harm (2%) to those
    they attempted to smuggle into the United
    States.

    Characteristics of defendants
    charged

    Demographic characteristics

    According to data collected by the Pretrial
    Services Administration, most (87%) of the
    14,540 Federal defendants charged with an
    immigration offense, were Hispanic; 4% were
    identified as white; 3% Black; and 6% all other
    races and ethnicities. More than 9 in 10 were
    male. More than half were age 30 or younger;
    33%, 31 to 40; and 14%, over 40 years of age.

    Criminal history

    More than two-thirds of the defendants charged
    with an immigration offense were identified as
    having been previously arrested. Thirty-six
    percent had been arrested on at least 5 prior
    occasions; 22%, 2 to 4 times; and 12%,1 time.

    Sixty-one percent of those defendants had
    been convicted at least once; 18%, 5 or more
    times; 26%, 2 to 4 times; and 17%, 1 time.
    Of those charged, 49% had previously been
    convicted of a felony: 20% of a drug offense;
    18%, a violent offense; and 11%, other felony
    offenses. Twelve percent had previously been
    convicted of a misdemeanor.

    Defendants charged with unlawful reentry had
    the most extensive criminal histories. Nine
    in ten had been previously arrested. Of those
    with a prior arrest, half had been arrested
    on at least 5 prior occasions.

    Fifty-six percent of those charged with a
    reentry offense had previously been convicted
    of a violent or drug-related felony. By
    contrast, under half of those charged with
    alien smuggling, a third of those charged with
    unlawful entry, and just over a quarter those
    charged with misuse of visas and other charges
    had previously been arrested. The criminal
    histories of these defendants were generally
    less extensive: more than 70% had been
    previously arrested fewer than 5 times.

    Trends in prosecution
    of immigration offenses, 1985-2000

    Between 1985 and 2000 the number of persons
    referred to U.S. attorneys for a suspected
    immigration offense--as the most serious
    charge--increased from 7,239 to 16,495.
    The number of defendants charged during this
    period increased from 6,744 to 15,613. While
    the number of referrals to U.S. attorneys for
    suspected immigration offenses fluctuated
    during the pre-1996 period, following passage
    of the Illegal Immigration Reform and
    Immigrant Responsibility Act of 1996 (Pub.
    L. 104-208, 110 Stat. 3009), referrals
    to U.S. attorneys increased substantially.

    Among its several provisions, the 1996 act
    authorized increases for INS law enforcement,
    particularly Border Patrol officers. INS law
    enforcement grew 42% from 12,403 officers
    during 1996 to 17,654 during 2000.

    About 84% of the increase in INS law
    enforcement officers occurred in 5 States:
    Texas (1,880 additional officers), Arizona
    (1,120), California (973), New York (235),
    and Florida (152). In addition, between 1996
    and 2000 referrals to U.S. attorneys in Texas,
    Arizona, California, New York, and Florida for
    immigration offenses increased from 5,070
    during 1996 to 12,118 during 2000 (not shown
    in a table). These States accounted for 75%
    of the overall increase in the number of
    immigration referrals to U.S. attorneys.

    Changes in Federal sentencing law also had
    a substantial impact on the processing of
    immigration offenders, by increasing the
    average length of prison sentences and
    requiring offenders to serve a greater
    proportion of the sentence imposed.

    After sentencing guidelines were implemented
    in 1987, the proportion of immigration
    offenders convicted of a felony who were
    sentenced to prison increased from 57% in
    1985 to 91% in 2000 (Compendium of Federal
    Justice Statistics, annual). For immigration
    offenders entering prison, time to be served
    increased from 3.6 months, on average, during
    1985-87 to 20.6 months during 2000.

    The increase in average time to be served
    followed amendments to the Federal sentencing
    guidelines that addressed immigration offenders
    with serious criminal histories. These amendments
    included substantial sentencing enhancements
    for immigration offenders who had previously
    been deported after a conviction for an
    "aggravated felony" such as violent drug
    trafficking or felony property offenses or who
    were convicted of smuggling more than six aliens.
    (See, U.S.S.G. App. C, Nos. 193, 196, 375, 450,
    and 524.)

    Following these amendments, the 4-to-10
    month base sentencing range for defendants
    convicted of unlawfully re-entering the
    United States after conviction of an
    "aggravated felony" increased from 57 to 71
    months.***Footnote 1: Guideline range increases
    assume Criminal History Category II, which
    represents a single prior conviction resulting
    in a sentence of more than 1 year. For
    defendants with more extensive criminal
    histories such as those classified in Criminal
    History Category VI--more than 4 prior
    sentences of more than 1 year--the 18-to-24
    month base sentencing range became 100 to 125
    months.*** The 10-to-16 month base sentencing
    range for defendants involved with alien
    smuggling increased to the following: 18 to
    24 months for smuggling 6 to 24 aliens; 27 to
    33 months for smuggling 25 to 99 aliens; and
    47 to 46 months for smuggling 100 or more
    aliens.***Footnote 2: Guideline range increases
    assume Criminal History Category I.***

    A greater INS presence in the Southwest and
    more severe penalties for immigration offenses
    have accompanied an increase in the number
    of immigration offenders in Federal prisons.
    Between 1985 and 2000 the number of
    immigration offenders under sentence in a
    Federal prison increased from 1,593 to 13,676.

    Defendants adjudicated in the Federal
    courts

    During 2000, 96% of those adjudicated of an
    immigration offense were convicted. Of those
    defendants convicted, 85% were sentenced to
    prison, 5% were sentenced to probation, and
    10% received another sanction such as a fine.
    Defendants charged with unlawful reentry
    were the most likely to receive a prison
    sentence (95%); those charged with misuse of
    visas and other violations, the least (70%).

    Among immigration offenders, defendants
    convicted of unlawful reentry were likely to
    have received the longest prison terms, an
    average of 36 months. Those convicted of
    misuse of visas and other immigration
    violations received on average the
    shortest -13 months.

    Offenders under Federal
    correctional supervision

    Incarcerated

    During 2000, 13,676 offenders convicted of
    an immigration offense were serving a
    sentence of imprisonment in Federal prisons:
    89% following a conviction for unlawfully
    entering or reentering the United States; 11%,
    alien smuggling; and less than 1%, offenses
    relating to the misuse of visas and other
    immigration violations.

    Community supervision

    In addition to offenders held in Federal
    prisons, 2,200 offenders convicted of an
    immigration offense were serving a term of
    community supervision: 60% term of
    probation and 40%, supervised release.
    About two thirds of defendants serving a
    sentence of community supervision had been
    convicted of alien smuggling; 29%
    entry/reentry; and 4% misuse of visas and
    other offenses.

    Immigration offenders returning to Federal
    prison

    Approximately 13% of immigration offenders
    released from Federal prison during 1995-97
    were readmitted within 3 years. These
    offenders most often (77%) were returned
    following a conviction for a new Federal
    offense; 22% were returned following
    adjudication of a supervision violation; and
    1% for other reasons. More than 90% of offenders
    who were returned for a new offense were
    readmitted following a conviction for an
    immigration offense (not shown in a table).

    Overall, immigration offenders who were
    readmitted within 3 years of their first release
    served 28 months, on average, for the original
    conviction (not shown in a table). The interval
    from release to readmission was approximately
    18 months, on average; 30% of the immigration
    offenders who were readmitted returned within
    the first year following release. Upon readmission,
    the estimated time these offenders could expect
    to serve was 22 months.

    --------------------------------------------
    Apprehending and removing illegal aliens

    The INS has the initial responsibility for
    determining who may be admitted to the United
    States. The INS also has the responsibility for
    enforcing immigration laws. Border Patrol
    agents or Investigations special agents perform
    almost all the work of locating and arresting
    illegal aliens. Immigration inspectors work to
    prevent the entry of inadmissable aliens at a
    port of entry.

    Approximately 30 million aliens legally enter
    the United States annually (INS, 1999
    Statistical Yearbook, table 37). Almost all
    (98%) are temporary admissions -- primarily for
    pleasure. While the total number of aliens
    unlawfully entering the United States is not
    known, during 1999 INS agents apprehended
    1,714,035 aliens who had unlawfully entered or
    remained in the United States.

    Of these apprehensions --

    * 90% were made along the Southwest border
    * 95% involved Mexicans
    * 98% entered the United States without
    inspection.

    Criminal prosecution of illegal aliens
    represents a small component of the INS
    enforcement strategy. The INS can remove an
    alien from the United States by initiating a
    formal deportation, exclusion, or removal
    proceeding or by offering the alien the
    opportunity to depart voluntarily.

    During 1999 the INS removed almost 1.8
    million aliens who unlawfully entered or
    remained in the United States (INS, table 60).
    Of these, 90% accepted an offer of voluntary
    departure and 10% were removed following a
    formal removal proceeding such as a
    determination of deportability or inadmissability.
    -------------------------------------------------

    Defendants returning for new crimes could
    expect to serve longer terms upon readmission
    (25 months) than those returning for
    supervision violations (14 months).

    Offenders originally convicted of alien
    smuggling returned at a greater rate for
    supervision violations (54%) than those
    convicted of unlawful entry or reentry (18%).
    Offenders convicted of unlawful entry or
    reentry, on the other hand, were more likely
    to return for new offenses (80%) than those
    convicted of alien smuggling (45%).

    Older offenders were more likely to return
    than younger offenders: about 14% of offenders
    31 years or older were readmitted to Federal
    prison compared to roughly 10% of those 30
    years or younger.

    While U.S. citizens were the most likely to be
    readmitted (27%), they were returned to prison
    primarily for supervision violations. Most of
    the noncitizens (79% of the Mexicans who were
    readmitted) were returned for new offenses.

    ----------------------------------------
    Noncitizens prosecuted in Federal courts and
    incarcerated in Federal prisons

    Between 1985 and 2000 the number of noncitizens
    charged with an offense in Federal courts increased
    from 4,539 to 23,477. More than half of the
    increase in the number of noncitizens prosecuted
    can be attributed to the increase in immigration
    offenders from 1,636 to 12,364.

    In 2000 U.S. attorneys in five Federal judicial
    districts prosecuted over half the noncitizens:
    Arizona (17.1%), Texas, Southern (11.7%),
    California, Southern (10.1%), Texas, Western
    (8.7%), and New Mexico (5.6%) (not shown
    in a table).

    Noncitizens accounted for about a third of the
    growth in the Federal prison population,
    1985-2000 (not shown in a table). In 1985,
    5,561 noncitizen Federal inmates were 14% of
    the total; in 2000, 37,243 noncitizen inmates
    were 29% of all Federal prisoners. During
    2000, 54% of noncitizen inmates had been
    convicted of a drug offense; 35% of an
    immigration offense; and 11% of other
    offenses.

    Two-thirds of the growth in the number of
    noncitizen inmates from 1996 to 2000 was
    related to the increase in immigration
    offenders. The number of noncitizen
    immigration offenders in Federal prisons
    increased from 4,411 during 1996 to 13,162
    during 2000.
    -----------------------------------------------

    -----------------------------------------------
    Selected Federal immigration statutes

    Immigration offenses in this report are defined
    according to the BJS filing offense classification
    which is based on the classification procedure
    followed by the Administrative Office of the U.S.
    Courts. Immigration is one of 41 offense categories
    in the BJS classification system and is composed
    largely of the following Federal statutes:

    Smuggling, transporting, and harboring
    8 U.S.C. sec. 1322: prohibits bringing into the
    United States an alien(s) subject to denial of
    admission due to lack the proper
    authorization or documentation.
    8 U.S.C. sec. 1323: prohibits unlawful bringing
    of aliens into the United States.
    8 U.S.C. sec. 1324: prohibits bringing in and
    harboring certain aliens.
    8 U.S.C. sec. 1327: prohibits aiding or
    assisting certain aliens to enter the United
    States.

    Unlawful entry and reentry

    8 U.S.C. sec. 1325: prohibits improper entry
    by an alien.
    8 U.S.C. sec. 1326: prohibits reentry of
    removed aliens.

    Misuse of visas and other violations

    18 U.S.C. sec. 1546: prohibits fraud and
    misuse of visas, permits, and other
    documents.
    8 U.S.C. sec. 1252 and 8 U.S.C. sec. 1253:
    involves orders of removal of aliens and
    penalties related to removal.
    8 U.S.C. sec. 1321: prohibits persons from
    failing to prevent the unauthorized entry of
    aliens.

    Immigration related offenses which are are not
    classified as immigration offenses in this report
    include the following: importation of aliens for
    immoral purposes such as prostitution (8
    U.S.C. sec. 132 which is classified
    technically as a sex offense rather than an
    immigration offense; false impersonation as a
    U.S. citizen (18 U.S.C. sec. 911), reproduction
    of citizenship papers (18 U.S.C. sec. 1426),
    and false statements in application and use of
    a passport (18 U.S.C. sec. 1542) which largely
    are classified as fraud offenses.

    For additional information about the Federal
    Justice Statistics Program's offense
    classification procedures, see Methodology
    section of the Compendium of Federal Justice
    Statistics, 2000, NCJ-194067.
    ----------------------------------------------

    ------------------------------------------
    The Bureau of Justice Statistics
    is the statistical agency of the
    U.S. Department of Justice. Lawrence
    A. Greenfeld is acting director.

    John Scalia and Marika F. X. Litras,
    Statisticians formerly with BJS,
    wrote this report under the supervision
    of Steven Smith. Carol J. DeFrances and
    Keonna Feaster provided statistical review
    and verification. William Adams, Avi
    Bhati, Barbara Parthasarathy, Juliet Scarpa
    from the Federal Justice Statistics Resource
    Center staff, under the supervision of
    Laura Winterfield, provided technical
    assistance and review. The Administrative
    Office of the U.S. Courts staff and Pragati
    Patrick, under the supervision of Steven
    Schlesinger, provided substantive review.
    Tina Dorsey and Tom Hester edited
    this report.

    August 2002, NCJ 191745
    -------------------------------------------

    -------------------------------------------
    This and other reports presenting criminal
    justice statistics, together with graphs,
    electronic files, and data online, may be
    accessed at the BJS website
    <http://www.ojp.usdoj.gov/bjs/>.

    Available through the BJS website, the
    Federal Justice Statistics Resource Center,
    <http://fjsrc.urban.org>, offers
    comprehensive information about Federal
    case processing.
    -------------------------------------------

    End of file
    07/25/02 ih
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  4. #4
    Senior Member jp_48504's Avatar
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    Did anyone else know about these Stats?
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  5. #5
    Senior Member jp_48504's Avatar
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    Approximately 30 million aliens legally enter
    the United States annually (INS, 1999
    Statistical Yearbook, table 37). Almost all
    (98%) are temporary admissions -- primarily for
    pleasure. While the total number of aliens
    unlawfully entering the United States is not
    known, during 1999 INS agents apprehended
    1,714,035 aliens who had unlawfully entered or
    remained in the United States.

    Of these apprehensions --

    * 90% were made along the Southwest border
    * 95% involved Mexicans
    * 98% entered the United States without
    inspection.

    Criminal prosecution of illegal aliens
    represents a small component of the INS
    enforcement strategy. The INS can remove an
    alien from the United States by initiating a
    formal deportation, exclusion, or removal
    proceeding or by offering the alien the
    opportunity to depart voluntarily.

    During 1999 the INS removed almost 1.8
    million aliens who unlawfully entered or
    remained in the United States (INS, table 60).
    Of these, 90% accepted an offer of voluntary
    departure and 10% were removed following a
    formal removal proceeding such as a
    determination of deportability or inadmissability.
    Approximately 30 million aliens legally enter
    the United States annually and 1999 INS agents apprehended
    1,714,035 aliens who had unlawfully entered or
    remained in the United States..

    Somebody tell me we dont have a serious problem?
    I stay current on Americans for Legal Immigration PAC's fight to Secure Our Border and Send Illegals Home via E-mail Alerts (CLICK HERE TO SIGN UP)

  6. #6
    Senior Member Mamie's Avatar
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    clearly, "illegal immigration" worsened after they were 'UNCONSTITUTIONALLY' granted amnesty in 1986
    "Those who cannot learn from history are doomed to repeat it" George Santayana "Deo Vindice"

  7. #7
    Senior Member jp_48504's Avatar
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    MAMIE,
    I was surprised that they had this information online. I also noticed that they were authorized in 1996 to hire 10,000 more border guards but only added about 5,000. I wonder why?
    I stay current on Americans for Legal Immigration PAC's fight to Secure Our Border and Send Illegals Home via E-mail Alerts (CLICK HERE TO SIGN UP)

  8. #8
    Senior Member Mamie's Avatar
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    Quote Originally Posted by jp_48504
    MAMIE,
    I was surprised that they had this information online. I also noticed that they were authorized in 1996 to hire 10,000 more border guards but only added about 5,000. I wonder why?

    seems hiring border agents would be cheaper than providing benefits for "illegal alens"
    "Those who cannot learn from history are doomed to repeat it" George Santayana "Deo Vindice"

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