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    Senior Member AirborneSapper7's Avatar
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    Report: American Born Workers Struggle To Compete W/both illegal and legal immigrants

    Report: American Born Workers Struggle To Compete With Immigrants

    Native-born workers not in labor force increased by 17 million since 2000



    Participants take the oath of citizenship to become U.S. citizens during the first of two naturalization ceremonies / AP

    BY: Elizabeth Harrington
    June 27, 2014 5:00 am

    The number of U.S.-born workers has steadily decreased since 2000, causing the labor force participation rate to reach its lowest rate since records have been maintained, according to a new report.

    The Center for Immigration Studies released a study to mark the one-year anniversary of the passage of the Senate Gang of Eight immigration bill on Friday, discrediting the notion that adding millions more workers through comprehensive immigration reform is necessary due to a coming labor shortage.

    Analyzing statistics from the Census Bureau, the report found that native-born U.S. citizens have struggled to compete with both illegal and legal immigrants for more than a decade.
    “The findings show that employment growth has been weak over the last 14 years and has not kept pace with population growth and new immigration,” the report said. “Among the working-age (16 to 65), what employment growth there has been has entirely gone to immigrants (legal and illegal).”
    “This is truly remarkable because natives accounted for two-thirds of overall population growth among the working-age population,” it said.
    According to the Census Bureau’s Current Population Survey, there are 17 million fewer working-age natives with a job than there were in 2000. That year there were 131.9 million people in the working age population who were employed. The number has only grown by 5.6 million since, despite the addition of 25.7 million workers due to population growth.
    “In short, natives accounted for two-thirds of the growth in the number of potential workers, but none of the growth in the number of actual workers,” the report said.
    The labor force participation rate for working-age natives also shows a “steady deterioration,” declining from 77.1 percent in 2000 to 71.5 percent today.
    “Among working-age natives, labor force participation is the lowest it has been since the CPS began identifying immigrants and natives in 1994,” the report said.
    Immigrants have fared much better, as a “disproportionate share of employment growth went to immigrants” since 2000.
    “All of the net increase in employment went to immigrants in the last 14 years partly because, even before the Great Recession, immigrants were gaining a disproportionate share of jobs relative to their share of population growth,” the report said.
    According to the Census Bureau data, the number of employed immigrants has risen by 5.7 million since 2000.
    Prior to the recession between 2000 and 2007, the number of natives holding a job increased 2.9 percent while the number of immigrants with jobs increased 28.7 percent.
    Furthermore, since the jobs recovery began in 2010, 43 percent of employment growth has gone to immigrants, the report said.
    “The findings in this report are shocking, and represent a dramatic indictment of immigration policy in Washington D.C.,” Sen. Jeff Sessions (R., Ala.) said in a statement. “This report also underscores the economic catastrophe that would have ensued had the Gang of Eight’s legislation, passed in the Senate one year ago today, been moved through the House and signed into law.”
    Young American-born citizens have especially felt the impact of unemployment.
    “Among young natives 16 to 24 years old the share holding a job was 12.4 percentage points lower in 2014 than it was in 2000,” the report said.
    8.7 million native college graduates, 17 million with some college, and 25.3 million with only a high school diploma are not working.
    “[Y]oung people, particularly the less educated, have not found jobs over the last 14 years,” the report said.
    The Center for Immigration Studies points to a variety of factors for why immigrants have done better in the U.S. job market than native-born Americans, including government programs that incentivize the hiring of legal and illegal immigrants.
    The report references the Summer Work Travel Program, which allows employers to hire temporary workers without having to pay into Social Security and Medicare. The H1-B visa program also does not allow immigrants to change jobs easily, allowing employers to take advantage of the program.
    “Immigrants may also be more willing to work off the books, for lower pay, or endure worse working conditions than natives, causing employers to prefer them as workers,” the report said.
    While noting that the Gang of Eight bill would make the employment situation worse for Americans, the report adds that the current system is impeding job growth.
    “[G]iven that the labor force participation for natives shows an almost uninterrupted 14-year decline, it seems unlikely that labor force participation will ever return to the 2007 or 2000 level, particularly if immigration stays at its current level,” the report said.
    “There is no doubt that a long, sustained period of high immigration, combined with increased automation and the offshoring of jobs, has produced a loose, low-wage labor market,” Sessions said. “In spite of this, the president continues to champion legislation that would place further substantial downward pressure on wages.”
    “The sensible, conservative, fair thing to do after 40 years of record immigration is to slow down a bit, allow assimilation to occur, allow wages to rise, and to help workers of all backgrounds rise together into the middle class,” he said.

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    http://freebeacon.com/issues/report-...th-immigrants/
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    Conservative Lady

    Liberal Moron Of The Year



    Liberal Moron Of The Year
    http://youtu.be/mI3ClcmOTss...
    gopthedailydose.com

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    Freedom Outpost

    100% of U.S. Employment Growth Since 2000 Went to Immigrants http://freedomoutpost.com/2014/06/10...nt-immigrants/



    100% of U.S. Employment Growth Since 2000 Went to Immigrants

    Mike "Mish" Shedlock 5 hours ago
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    The Center for Immigration Studies reports All Employment Growth Since 2000 Went to Immigrants.

    Actually, greater than 100% of jobs went to immigrants because the number of non-immigrants holding a job is negative, and the total must equal 100%.
    On a population adjusted basis, the numbers look horrific. Population-wise, native US citizens account for two-thirds of the working-age population growth, yet fewer work today.
    Here's the harsh reality: 17 million working-age native US citizens were not working in the first quarter of 2014 than in 2000.
    Let's dive into the interesting 29 page report by Steven A. Camarota and Karen Zeigler. Here are some items of interest from the report.

    • Government data show that since 2000 all of the net gain in the number of working-age (16 to 65) people holding a job has gone to immigrants (legal and illegal). This is remarkable given that native-born Americans accounted for two-thirds of the growth in the total working-age population. Though there has been some recovery from the Great Recession, there were still fewer working-age natives holding a job in the first quarter of 2014 than in 2000, while the number of immigrants with a job was 5.7 million above the 2000 level.
    • With 58 million working-age natives not working, the Schumer-Rubio bill (S.744) and similar House measures that would substantially increase the number of foreign workers allowed in the country seem out of touch with the realities of the U.S. labor market.
    • The trends since 2000 challenge the argument that immigration on balance increases job opportunities for natives. Over 17 million immigrants arrived in the country in the last 14 years, yet native employment has deteriorated significantly.
    • The total number of working-age (16 to 65) immigrants (legal and illegal) holding a job increased 5.7 million from the first quarter of 2000 to the first quarter of 2014, while declining 127,000 for natives.
    • In the first quarter of 2000, there were 114.8 million working-age natives holding a job; in the first quarter of 2014 it was 114.7 million.
    • Because the native-born population grew significantly, but the number working actually fell, there were 17 million more working-age natives not working in the first quarter of 2014 than in 2000.
    • Immigrants have made gains across the labor market, including lower-skilled jobs such as maintenance, construction, and food service; middle-skilled jobs like office support and health care support; and higher-skilled jobs, including management, computers, and health care practitioners.
    • Immigration has fallen in recent years. But despite the economy, between 2008 and the start of 2014 6.5 million new immigrants (legal and illegal) settled in the country and three million got jobs. Over the same time, the number of working-age natives holding a job declined 3.4 million.
    • If the employment rate of working-age natives in the first quarter of this year were what it was in 2007, 7.9 million more natives would have a job. If the share working were what it was in the first quarter of 2000, 12.5 million more natives would have a job today.
    • The supply of potential workers is enormous: 8.7 million native college graduates are not working, as are 17 million with some college, and 25.3 million with no more than a high school education.

    Select Charts


    Conclusion (Excerpt From the Report)
    Some may think that immigrants and natives never compete for jobs. But a majority of workers in virtually every occupation are native-born. Immigrants have made gains across the labor market in lower-, middle-, and higher-skilled jobs. Thus the idea that there are jobs Americans don’t do is simply not supported by the data.
    While the extent to which immigrants displace natives from the labor market is debated in the academic literature, there are several things we can say based on the last 14 years. More than one million new immigrants arrived in the country every year since 2000. The long-term decline in employment among natives is certainly supportive of the research showing that immigration reduces employment among the native-born. In contrast, the last 14 years challenge the argument that immigration on balance significantly increases job opportunities for natives. There is no question that immigration has not stimulated the economy enough to create job growth among working-age natives and prevent a dramatic decline in employment rates and labor force participation. There is certainly no question that high levels of immigration go hand in hand with a profound deterioration in native-born employment.
    Even if one ignores the last 14 years and believes that immigration stimulates the economy to create a net increase in jobs for natives, then the same should be true when natives are added to the workforce by moving from not working to working. Some may respond that natives do not want to work. But the U-6 employment rate indicates that millions not working do, in fact, want to work. There is also anecdotal evidence that many natives simply have given up looking for work because the job market is so bad. When this happens, they cease to show up in the U-3 or even the U-6 unemployment rate. Moreover, many natives currently not working were doing so as recently as 2007. Given the abysmal employment and labor force participation rates, particularly of the native-born, it is difficult to take at face value assertions by employer groups that workers are in short supply or to justify the dramatic increase in immigration levels in the Schumer-Rubio bill (S.744).
    Steven A. Camarota is the Director of Research and Karen Zeigler is a demographer at the Center for Immigration Studies.
    It's a fascinating study that many will brand as inflammatory. Yet, the data speaks for itself.
    Some will blame the immigrants. However, policies and are to blame, not the immigrants.

    Source

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    http://freedomoutpost.com/2014/06/10...nt-immigrants/
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    Senior Member AirborneSapper7's Avatar
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    Report: Immigrant Job Growth Outstrips Natives – 5.7 Million Jobs Since 2000

    June 27, 2014 - 3:20 PM
    By Penny Starr
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    (AP Photo)

    (CNSNews.com) – A new report by the Center for Immigration Studies shows that legal and illegal immigrants had the greatest job growth since 2000, with 5.7 million jobs going to non-native working-age (16-65) people.
    “Although there has been some recovery from the Great Recession, fewer working-age natives held a job in the first quarter of 2014 than in 2000, while the number of immigrants with a job rose 5.7 million above the 2000 level,” CIS announced.
    The impetus for the report is S.744, sponsored by Sens. Marco Rubio (R-Fla.) and Chuck Schumer (D-N.Y.) and passed by the Senate.
    If Schumer-Rubio becomes law, according to Congressional Budget Office projections, the number of new legal immigrants allowed into the country will roughly double to 20 million over the next decade, adding to the 40 million immigrants (legal and illegal) already here.
    Rubio and Schumer said the law was needed to prevent “labor shortages” in the U.S.
    “With 58 million working-age natives not working, the Schumer-Rubio bill and similar House measures, which would substantially increase the number of foreign workers allowed in the country, seem entirely disconnected from the realities of the U.S. labor market,” Steven Camarota, co-author of the report and the Center's director of research, said in a statement.
    These statistics are particularly remarkable, the report states, given that native-born Americans account for two-thirds of the growth rate of the working-age population.
    CIS drew three conclusions from the data it studied and analyzed:
    • The long-term decline in the employment for natives across age and education levels is a clear indication that there is no general labor shortage, a primary justification for the large increases in immigration (skilled and unskilled) in the Schumer-Rubio bill and similar House proposals.
    • The decline in work among the native-born over the last 14 years of high immigration is consistent with research showing that immigration reduces employment for natives.
    • The trends since 2000 challenge the argument that immigration on balance increases job opportunities for natives. Over 17 million immigrants arrived in the country in the last 14 years, a time period in which native employment has deteriorated significantly.
    CIS describes its methodology for the report as follows:
    “This analysis is based on the ‘household survey’ collected by the Census Bureau for the Bureau of Labor Statistics. The survey, officially known as the Current Population Survey (CPS), is the nation’s primary source of information on the U.S. labor market.
    “The CPS survey does not include those in institutions such as prisons. We concentrate in this analysis on the first quarter of each year 2000 to 2014 because comparing the same quarter over time controls for seasonality and the first quarter of 2014 is the most recent quarterly data available. We also emphasize the economic peaks in 2000 and 2007 as important points of comparison.
    “We primarily focus on the share of working-age people holding a job, referred to by economists as the employment rate. The employment rate is a straightforward measure of who has a job and who does not. To a lesser extent we examine labor force participation, which is the share of people working or looking for work. Labor force participation and the employment rate are measures of labor force attachment that are less sensitive to the business cycle than the often-cited unemployment rate, which we also report.”

    http://cnsnews.com/news/article/penn...lion-jobs-2000
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    Super Moderator imblest's Avatar
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    Wow, excellent thread--great articles about this CIS study!
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