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Thread: BASIC LIST / SUGGESTED ITEMS FOR LONG TERM SURVIVAL

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  1. #31
    Senior Member AirborneSapper7's Avatar
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    SHTF Supplies on the Cheap from Yard Sales and Markets Look for the Deals




    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JD4TmfjGyHE

    Uploaded on Feb 25, 2011

    Just some things I picked up at a few local yard sales. Save money and get out and look for deals not only to make money but to save money for your preps. Thanks for watching..
    Last edited by AirborneSapper7; 04-14-2013 at 10:06 PM.
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    How To Purify Water

    The affluent and developed west often takes its clean water for granted. While travelling, water purification and sanitation systems don't exist in the same way that we know them, and in particular, when climbing, you are responsible for your own water. This is especially important at altitude because staying hydrated is a central preventative method for many altitude related illnesses. If you don't take the proper precautions the contaminated water can cause illnesses too. Either way, it is vital that you only drink safe water, and it is best to take responsibility for it yourself.

    The main parasites which need to be eradicated are the cysts which cause Giardia and amoebic dysentery. Small amounts will not affect them body, but in large numbers these pathogens can take effect. They can survive in cold, even freezing water for several months because of their hard protective shells. Chemicals are generally needed to break through these shells, however boiling the water will automatically kill them.

    There are many methods for purifying water and the list below should provide useful information as to which methods to use and when.

    Iodine Based Methods

    Iodine tablets - Their active ingredient is tetraglycine hydroperiodide. You should allow 30 minutes rather than the usual 10 if the water is cold, and it is possible to double the dose if the water is cloudy, which denotes more organic material.

    Polar Pure - This is a glass bottle with iodine crystals in, teamed with a filter to prevent the crystals escaping. The temperaturestrip and instructions determine the required dose. This method works by dissolving small amounts of iodine in the water. It is effective and cheap.
    Iodine Solution - One of the most common methods, but the most messy. Another downfall is that the different brands are different concentrations, but without warning. Because of this, and the makeup of the solution you usually end up consuming far more iodine than is really necessary. For a 2% solution use 5 drops per litre of water. Leave to stand for 15 minutes before drinking. If the water is very cold or cloudy then leave it for 30 minutes, or alternatively use double the amount of drops.

    Note: If you are pregnant, suffer from a thyroid disease or have an iodene allegy, consult a doctor before using any iodene water disinfection methods.

    Chlorine Based Methods

    Super-chlorination. This uses a high dose of chlorine but later neutralises it using hydrogen peroxide, and is very effective.

    Chlorine tablets. Used alone these won't protect against Giardia. Instead use a fine filter and half a tablet.

    Water Filters
    There are now so many water filters suitable for altitude on the market that it is almost impossible to give general advice. Make sure to follow manufacturer's instructions, especially when cleaning. Although effective, many people opt for other methods as filters are bulky and heavy.

    Bottled Water
    Bottle water is heavy, expensive and is unlikely to be as clean as is necessary. This is not a practical option.

    Boiled Water
    The general advice is to boil all water for 5-10 minutes plus 1 minute for every 300m above sea level, up to around 5500m where boiling becomes ineffective. The relationship between time and temperature is inverse when it comes to water disinfection. The higher the temperature, the less time is required. For instance, pasteurising can take place in 30 minutes at 70&degC/158&degF, while sterilising takes place in 5-10 minutes of boiling at sea level. Here are the boiling temperatures for altitude:

    Sea level: 100&degC/212&degF
    5,000ft/1,525m: 95&degC/203&degF
    10,000ft/3,050m: 90&degC/194&degF
    14,000 ft/4,270: 86&degC/187&degF

    Boiling water will eradicate a good proportion of all parasites and is often the easiest way to purify water, although it should be noted that the hepatitis A virus needs a full minute of boiling to eradicate. Boiling can also be used as a stage prior to other methods for extra precaution. Tea, coffee and hot water are all safe to drink as long as the water has been brought to the boil before drinking.

    http://www.climbing-high.com/how-to-purify-water.html
    Last edited by AirborneSapper7; 01-24-2012 at 10:36 AM.
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    Senior Member AirborneSapper7's Avatar
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    Last edited by AirborneSapper7; 02-20-2012 at 05:45 PM.
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    BTT:

    This is too informative and important to get lost in the shuffle
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    BTT:

    This is too informative and important to get lost in the shuffle
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  6. #36
    Senior Member AirborneSapper7's Avatar
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    Step-By-Step Candle Making Instructions & Tips & Tricks To Save You Time & Money!

    I am often asked...

    What is the best way for me to learn how to make my candles at home?
    The best way to learn how to make candles is to simply follow any of our "Step-By-Step Candle Making Guides". They're 100% free and they were written with the beginner candle maker in mind. Begin with something easy, such as votive candles.

    Learing how to make votive candles is easy and they will turn out perfect every time if you follow our Step by Step votive candle making Guide. Making votives will also give you much needed experience working with candle wax, dyes, fragrance oils, wicks and the candle making process.

    What are the bare necessities that I'll need to make candles correctly and in a safe manner?

    The first thing you will need is something to melt your wax in. Some people believe you should only use the double boiler method to melt wax. The double boiler method is the safest way to melt wax but it is also the slowest.

    One thing I will warn you is to never melt wax on your stove unless you are using the double boiler method. Never melt wax on or in anything that does not have some form of temperature control because wax does have a flash point and will burst into flames without warning once it reaches that point. Depending on the wax the flash point may be between 290 - 380 degrees. Always be safe when you make candles.

    You don't have to have an expensive wax melter to make great candles either. I recommend you purchase a Presto "Kitchen Kettle" from your local hardware or Walmart store. I've seen them in just about every Walmart I've ever been in and they're only about $20.00! Just be sure you are getting the "Kitchen Kettle" there are many variations but the Kitchen Kettle comes with a numerical temperature gauge. Never melt wax in anything that doesn't have a numerical temperature gauge. Don't ever use anything with just high, medium and low settings.

    The next thing you will need is a good thermometer. You need to use this with your kitchen kettle to ensure a proper candle wax temperature at all times. You can buy you a good thermometer while you're buying your kitchen kettle for under $5.00. Even a candy making type thermometer works great when you are learning how to make candles. We also offer a great thermometer for candle making from our shopping cart.

    You will need a "pour pot" to pour your melted candle wax into your molds. We offer quality aluminum "Candlemaker's" pour pots, but I will tell you that a glass pyrex measuring cup works just as well. You can even start out using an old, clean coffee can to pour your candles.

    Next, you will need an accurate and reliable scale for weighing your wax to put in your melter. A scale that weighs up to 10 LBS should be sufficient. You can usually find one at Walmart or at any office supply store. When we weigh our wax we break it up with a hammer and put the chunks the digital scale until we reach the amount we are going to melt.

    The Presto "Kitchen Kettle" we talked about earlier will hold about 8 LBS of wax. You can melt any amount up to that. Even though it will hold 8 LBS of wax, I don't recommend that you start off ever melting more than 5-6 LBS at a time while you're learning how to make candles, because when you try to stir it can slosh out of the pot and cause a big mess.

    So far you will need the following items to begin your candle making:
    1. Melting Pot
    2. Thermometer
    3. Pour Pot
    4. Scale to weigh your wax
    5. Hammer to break up wax

    Candle Making Supplies
    Now we will cover the actual Candle Making supplies you will need.

    You will need wax. If you want to make quality, fragrant candles not just any wax will do. We recommend one of our blended candle waxes that are manufactured exclusively for making candles. Our candle wax page offers only premium candle wax that was formulated to make creamy, rich looking candles every time when used properly. There are many types of waxes available, you can read more about all of the various candle making waxes on our web site in greater detail, including our NatureWax™ pure soy wax.

    You will need wax coloring or dye. You are probably wondering if a crayon would work to color your wax. The short answer is yes, but the pigments used to make crayons will clog your wick and prevent your candle from burning properly. We recommend a dye that was formulated for candle wax. Our professional candle wax dyes come in a 1 oz drip bottle and they are very concentrated. A 1 oz bottle will last you a long time. They are convenient and easy to use whether you're a pro candle maker or just learning how to make candles.

    Next, you will need some wicks. To save you time and money we offer pretabbed and prewaxed wicks. Wicking is a very instrumental part of candle making. Too big of a wick or too small of a wick is not good. We always recommend that you test various candle wick sizes to ensure that you are getting the proper burn for your candles. With that said, I will tell you that we use a 44-24-18z wick for our votive candles. The wicks we offer are proven to give a good burn and scent throw when used with our quality products.

    Of course, since you're want to learn how to make highly fragrant candles you're going to need fragrance oil. I am often asked: Isn't all fragrance oil the same? Let me assure you with an empathic "NO". Allot of people waste a lot of money trying to save in this one area where you just shouldn't, not if you want to make great candles that is. The next paragraph explains why.

    Any wax you decide to use to make your candles will only hold a certain amount of fragrance oil. This equates to approximately 1 oz - 1.5 oz of fragrance oil per LB of wax at most. After that, the fragrance oil will simply seep from the wax once your candle is made. So, since you can only put so much fragrance oil in a candle it only makes sense that if you want a truly strong scented candle you've got to use a quality fragrance oil. You'll be glad you used quality ingredients once you begin making candles.

    All of our fragrance oils are 100% pure, uncut, no dilutions or additives, only pure quality fragrance oils you will be proud to use. Here is another money saving tip, whether you buy your fragrance oils from us, or another company, always purchase the 1 oz sampler size first so you can evaluate each fragrance and performance before you invest a lot of money in a bigger size bottle. A 1 oz bottle of our fragrance oil will scent 1 LB of wax and give you a very strong scented candle.

    And lastly, if you begin your candle making experience by learning how to make votive candles you are going to need a few votive molds. We recommend using our seamless, metal votive molds and wick pins to ensure a perfect made votive candle with a perfect centered wick. I also want you to email me if you have any other questions that I might not have covered in the instructions below, also be sure that you let me know how your first candles turn out! Most of all... Have fun when & make great candles!

    The candle making supplies you will need are:

    1. Candle making wax
    2. Wax dye
    3. Wicks
    4. Fragrance oils
    5. Votive molds or containers

    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    How To Make Candles - Candle Making Instructions:

    Getting Started in Candle Making http://www.cajuncandles.com/how-to-make-candles.html

    How to make votive candles http://www.cajuncandles.com/how-to-make ... ndles.html

    How to make container candles http://www.cajuncandles.com/container-c ... guide.html

    How to make freedom (pillar) candles http://www.cajuncandles.com/how-to-make ... ndles.html

    How to make 1oo% soy votive candles http://www.cajuncandles.com/how-to-make ... ndles.html

    How to make scented aroma beads http://www.cajuncandles.com/aroma-beads.html

    http://www.cajuncandles.com/beginners-g ... aking.html
    Last edited by AirborneSapper7; 01-24-2012 at 10:37 AM.
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  7. #37
    Senior Member AirborneSapper7's Avatar
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    Last edited by AirborneSapper7; 02-20-2012 at 05:47 PM.
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  8. #38
    Senior Member AirborneSapper7's Avatar
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    How to make Soap - Soap Making Guide

    Contrary to what you may have heard, making great, quality soaps is one of the easiest things you can do. These instructions are given using our quality soap bases, I am not familiar with other brands of soaps so I don't know if they would need any additives to make them work properly. I can assure you that the soap bases offered on our web site are ready to use.

    It's really just as easy as melt, add color, add fragrance, pour into a mold, let completely harden, remove and you have a great bar of soap ready to use!

    Step 1: Melt your soap. The easiest way to melt our soap base is in the microwave oven! (Don't ever try this with wax) Melt your soap completely, stopping the melting process to stir once in awhile until your soap base is completely melted.

    Step 2: Add your dye. Be sure you are using a skin safe dye for your soap products. Do not ever use candle dye as candle dye will stain your skin! Add small amounts of our dye at a time, stirring throughout the process until you get your desired effect.

    Step 3: Add your desired fragrance oil. Be sure the fragrance oil you choose is skin safe. Using our fragrance oil, the ratio of fragrance oil to soap base should only be .5 (1/2) oz of fragrance oil per LB of soap. The fragrance oil section of our web site tells you which fragrances are skin safe and which fragrances are not.

    Step 4: Stir well with a wire wisk for at least a full minute. Pour into a soap mold and let sit until the soap is completely hardened and cool. If you try to remove the soap early you are going to damage your molds. Sometimes air bubbles may form when you pour into your molds, if that happens simply use a spray bottle filled with rubbing alcohol and spray the bubbles, they will disappear immediately.

    Step 5: Let your soap harden and cool completely. Once it is ready remove it and you have a wonderful bar of soap that will produce great lather throughout the entire bar! Use and enjoy!

    It's really that easy to make a great bar of soap! Be sure to email me and let me know how your soap turned out. I love getting feedback!

    http://www.cajuncandles.com/soap-making-guide.html
    Last edited by AirborneSapper7; 01-24-2012 at 10:38 AM.
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  9. #39
    Senior Member AirborneSapper7's Avatar
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    Last edited by AirborneSapper7; 02-20-2012 at 05:48 PM.
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    Senior Member AirborneSapper7's Avatar
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    Pickle Recipes -Easy Pickled Recipes

    Main Ingredient
    - Beans (1)
    - Beets (1)
    - Chicken (3)
    - Eggs (11)
    - Grains (18 )
    - Jalapeno (1)
    - Mushrooms (1)
    - Mustard (1)
    - Onions (1)
    - Peaches (1)
    - Pepper (2)
    - Pickle (23)
    - Pie (1)
    - Pork (8 )
    - Seafood-Other (4)
    - Shrimp (3)
    - Soup (1)
    - Tomatoes (1)
    - Vegetables (1)

    Cuisine
    - Cajun (2)
    - Chinese (3)
    - Greek (1)
    - Mexican (2)

    There are some great pickling recipes here. Try one of the categories on the left or one of the tags below.

    Happy Pickling!

    Tags

    Appetizers Bean Beans Beer Bell pepper Breads Broccoli Butter Cabbage Canning Carrot Celery Cheese Chicken Chinese Condiments Corn Cream Cucumbers Egg Eggs Freezing Fruit Garlic Ginger Ham Main dishes Mayo Milk Mustard Olive oil Onion Pear Pickles Pickles/Relishes Quick Red Onion Red wine Refrigerator Seafood Sherry Shrimp Snacks Soy Sauce Sugar Tomato Vegetables Vegetarian White wine Wine

    http://picklethis.com/
    Last edited by AirborneSapper7; 01-24-2012 at 10:39 AM.
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